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Главная Здоровье и уход A vet abour neutering
A vet abour neutering

This an interview with Yuri Grigoryevich Satsky, a seasoned veterinary, an old hand in neutering pets, both kept as companions and stray ones. 

We would like to keep a cat but can’t figure out if it should be male or female. We’re worried by problems related to reproduction instincts, as he-cats usually mark their territory while keeping she-cats means to withstand their “shows” and find people who would take kittens.

Could you please explain cats of which sex are easier to keep in the apartment? 

- There is no unambiguous answer to the question. Sexual behavior of any pet or animal depends on its body characteristics. Some cats don't mark their territory. Some female cats have rutting twice a year like a clock, while others may have it with a period of every two weeks. It is impossible to predict how a pubescent animal is going to behave.

I agree that pets’ sexual behavior is one of the most painful challenges in their relations with people. This is not only my personal opinion. According to observations of Bruce Foggle, an American veterinary, One of the most common reasons people give up keeping their pets are the features associated with their pets’ sexual activities. Cats bother their guardians with “serenades”; they mark their territory, which their guardians take for pets’ untidiness and punish them or even dishouse pets.

Dogs tend to demonstrate disobedience or aggression; when taken out, they try to get away or fight with their species. This kind of behavior is caused by male dissatisfaction and the instinct of dominating, when they try to assume the role of the pack leader with both dogs and the family of people they live in. These problems of both male and female behavior can be prevented by neutering the pet.  

Neutering eliminates the pet’s desire to reproduce, and thus its guardian I is not going to have any problems related to the pet’s behavior patterns of this kind. Therefore, you can keep the pet of either sex and when it gets pubescent neuter it. In this way, you will be free from cats’ concerts, marking or raising kittens. 

What is neutering?  
- Neutering is depriving the animal of its reproductive function. There are several methods of female neutering. It is more efficient to extract not only female gonads but also the dam. 

What other methods can be used for inactivating the sexual behavior and how efficient are they?

 - Drugs for depressing the pets’ sexual activity are quite popular with their guardians nowadays. However, I would like to warn about the drug side effects. They are not always efficient and can involve serious risks for the pet’s health, due to frequent hormone dysfunctions or possible tumor growth. A pet suffering from tumor or inflammation triggered by pills preventing sexual activity can be often rescued by means of the same sterilization surgery. However, in this case the hazards for the pet’s health are likely to be much higher, as the body is weakened by the disease. This means that the pet guardians, not sterilizing it at the time the pet reached the pubescent age, need to resort to neutering anyway, although in this case the surgery is performed by medical indications, to rescue the pet’s life.  

It is a popular belief that a pet needs to give birth at least once, for keeping fit. Is it true?

- No, this belief is not based on clinical evidence. A single act of reproduction is not beneficial for the female body and doest not get the pet rid of the mating instincts in the future, while the young ones of the pet born for its “keeping fit” replenish the hordes of stray pets.

What do you think of “letting pets handle their problems” on their own outside, which is practiced by some pet guardians?

- I am totally against such a solution of the problem. This method is related to high risks for pets. They can be run over by cars, cause an accident, get injured or bitten when fighting with other animals. In addition, pets are exposed to human cruelty, the risks of contracting various diseases, some of which can be passed to people. Besides, in the situation when we have too many cats and dogs in out country it is irresponsible (which may be an understatement) to be involved with yet another new set of kittens or puppies emerging.

Some people think that after neutering the pet gets inactive. Is that true? 

- Neutering does not affect the pet’s character or behavior functions like mousing by cats or dogs’ guarding behavior. It is limited to eliminating the sexual behavior patterns including marking the territory, searching the mate, or dominate in the human family or among its likes. Pets with quieter habits remain the same way after sterilization, while zesty and vigorous pets are not deprived of these features by neutering.  

Why after having been neutered some pets are overweight?

- This is due to their loving guardians who do not meet standard feeding requirements. The non-neutered pet consumes a lot of energy on functions associated with sexual activities. After the sterilization or orchiotomy the dog or cat consumes much less energy. Therefore, if the pet gets the same food, in terms of it kind and amount, it gets extra nutrition.  

The ration of the neutered pet should be at a lower nutrition level. Active playing and walking out also help not to gain extra weight. People who give their pets dry food can start using the food for neutered pets. 

Some pet guardians believe that a neutered pet is deprived of the natural joie de vivre associated with mating and maternity, and thus neutering is a crime against nature. 

It would have been the same as to accuse any veterinary or doctor of getting in the way of the natural selection or the pet guardian in limiting the pet’s pleasure by training it to use the toilet or claw sharpener, taking it out or punishing for disobedience. Many pet guardians assume that pets have human emotions. Nature created animals to be different from people, as a way of protecting itself from extinction. Animals have no spiritual links with their mates, and they do not suffer from being without progeny, as they are driven to each other only by the reproduction instinct. Pets get disinterested ion their mates immediately after mating. Cats and dogs have the memory of their affinity with the young only for a limited period of time. An attachment to a guarding is much stronger for them than that to their species.

During the mating period pets often enough would not take food and get focused exclusively on reproduction. When the period is over, the pet is back to its own behavior pattern.

After neutering pets have no mating periods; they are not tormented by the unsatisfied desire. Neutered dogs and cats have more emotional relations with their guardians, other pets, staying out, playing, etc. Cats and dogs cannot compare themselves to non-neutered pets, same as feel jealous of or long about the previous period of their life, before neutering.  

Is neutering expensive?

- Keeping a non-neutered pet means regular expenses on drugs suppressing the sexual activity or taking care of the pregnant pet and its young ones. If the pet has birth injuries, the expenses for rescuing it will be much higher. The amount once paid for neutering is less than regular expenses related to taking care of the non-neutered pet.  

Does neutering involve risks?
Neutering is performed by qualified veterinaries using general anaesthetic. Pets feel no pain. In a few days, female pets are back top their routine pattern of life. The beliefs that this kind of surgery is risky date back to the time when veterinaries started practicing it. At that time, the clinical veterinary standards were inferior to present-day practice. The current medical level makes this surgery merely a routine that is sufficiently safe. For example, the method of the so-called intradermic suture, when the absorbable ligatures and sutures are used, enables to reduce the post-surgery rehabilitation to a few days, and requires no binder or taking out stitches. 

Our medical facility, in collaboration with the SPA “Together”  has already sterilized a lot of stray pets. They were brought back to their usual inhabitation sites (which are mostly on the streets) not longer than three (!) days after their neutering.